National Repository of Grey Literature 2 records found  Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Glaucoma - family-based genetic analysis in relation to autoimmunity
Buchtelová, Aneta ; Daňková, Pavlína (advisor) ; Ďuďáková, Ľubica (referee)
Introduction: Recent findings about the pathogenesis of glaucoma have already demonstrated the presence of some specific autoimmune mechanisms. It has also been shown that autoimmune diseases often manifest in co-occurrence, such as celiac disease and type 1 diabetes mellitus or psoriasis. This association can be explained by sharing some of the risk variants of HLA molecules class II. Considering glaucoma an autoimmune disease, the question raises how the glaucoma genetic risk factors affect the phenotype of another autoimmune disease or vice versa, whether genetic risk variants associated for example with celiac disease can affect the glaucoma phenotype. Aims: The aims of this study were to i) identify possible genetic risk markers associated with the development of glaucoma, based on the available literature, and to map their occurrence among members of a three-generation family suffering from glaucoma and multiple autoimmune diseases, ii) find carriers of HLA-DQ2/DQ8 among the members of the same family, iii) verify whether an individual's genotype correlates with his/her phenotype, and iv) determine the potential effect of specific HLA alleles on the glaucoma phenotype. Material and methods: This study used DNA samples derived from 34 members of a three-generation family, in which coeliac...
The role and function of stromal enzymes in keratoconus pathogenesis
Ďuďáková, Ľubica ; Jirsová, Kateřina (advisor) ; Svozílková, Petra (referee) ; Ardan, Taras (referee)
Lubica Dudakova Doctoral Thesis ABSTRACT Keratoconus (KC) is a non-inflammatory disease of the cornea, in which ectasia and thinning occur probably due to defects in the collagen fibers binding. It is one of the most common indications for corneal transplantation. KC is a complex disorder with the involvement of both genetic and environmental factors; however the exact pathogenic mechanisms leading to the disease development have not been elucidated. The main aim of our work was to compare the presence and enzyme activity of cross- linking enzymes lysyl oxidases (LOX and LOX-like enzymes), in control human cornea samples and explanted cornea gained from patients with KC. We also focused on diseases previously described to be associated with KC with the aim to identify common signs among them. Furthermore, we replicated association of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in LOX and hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) with KC risk. We attempted to link all pathophysiological disturbances observed in KC into one common pathway. We have used a wide spectrum of methods (cell culturing, immunohisto- and immunocytochemistry, microscopy, fluorimetric enzyme activity measurement, genotyping and direct sequencing, statistical analysis). We demonstrated the presence of entire family of LOX enzymes in control and in KC...

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