National Repository of Grey Literature 16 records found  1 - 10next  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Demand for Cash and Negative Interest Rates
Slouková, Eliška ; Havránek, Tomáš (advisor) ; Čornanič, Aleš (referee)
The literature related to both money demand and negative interest rates is rich in general. However, a piece of work covering the intersection of those two topics is missing. Thus, this thesis focuses on differences in the demand for cash once NIRP is implemented. Using data of real GDP, inflation, interest rates and currency in circulation for economies functioning under negative rates - Denmark, Sweden, Switzerland, The Euro Area, and Japan - VAR models and respective impulse response functions (IRFs) are estimated. Then we compare the response of real money balances to an exogenous one standard deviation shock to interest rate before and after NIRP is implemented. Furthermore, we carried out Johansen test for cointegration, suggesting the existence of cointe- grating relations. Thus, VECMs are employed. Consequently, cumulative IRFs and long-run relations are investigated. Due to only limited sample size avail- ability resulting from still very recent implementation of NIRP, the analysis is rather indicative. Nevertheless, our results suggest that the reaction of real money balances to one standard shock in interest rate might be more substantial in the environment of negative rates. Moreover, all long-run money demands estimates using VECM suggest an increase in the magnitude of interest rates elasticity...
State ownership and ownership concentration as determinants of dividend policy
Picálek, Jan ; Čornanič, Aleš (advisor) ; Malinská, Barbora (referee)
This bachelor thesis complements the existing research on implications of various ownership structures on dividend policy. It extends the literature focused on state ownership and its impact on dividend amount paid out to shareholders for testing such relationship in the environment of EU listed stock market and EU government agencies, scope so far lacking in the scientific literature. Moreover, it provides new way of testing agency theory of dividends by adopting Herfindahl's index as proxy of ownership concentration. Therefore, interaction between shareholders is accounted for as opposed to the commonly used proxy largest shareholder. As a result, this thesis helps to explain relations between various ownership structure characteristics and dividend policies. Primary econometric methods, panel data estimation methods, of this thesis found significantly positive relationship between state owned enterprises and the amount of profit distributed among shareholders. Compared to existing research on emerging economy of China, less evidence is found. Therefore, I argue that tunnelling tendencies in EU are substantially lower due to level of market development and minority investor protection in EU. The results also back up the agency theory, however, its influence is found to be lower than proposed by...
The weather and stock returns
Černý, Patrik ; Kukačka, Jiří (advisor) ; Čornanič, Aleš (referee)
This thesis examines a behavioral finance topic, the effect of weather on stock returns. The research was performed with the aim to verify formerly published results of various weather variables like sunshine, precipitation or temperature influencing stock markets. For the analysis Ordinary Least Squares regressions were implemented to investigate the relationships of stock returns and weather variables proposed in the previous literature as well as other market efficiency effects, a Monday and a January effect. In addition, GARCH model was carried out to check the influence of weather conditions on stock return volatility. Data used for the analysis consists of 24 emerging and 23 developed markets worldwide in the period 2006-2017. The results are not in support of the theory of weather affecting market trading which corresponds to the market efficiency theory. There seems to be no difference between the developed and emerging countries, not even countries' land area plays a role. However, in the thesis repeatedly appears significant evidence of the presence of the Monday effect. Keywords Behavioral finance, Weather effect, Market efficiency, Anomaly, GARCH 1
Impact of Size and Other Factors on SMEs Performance: Evidence from the Czech Republic
Parlásková, Eva ; Čornanič, Aleš (advisor) ; Malinská, Barbora (referee)
This bachelor thesis is focused on an analysis of the impact of the SME size on its performance. Return on assets and cash flow from operations used as the performance measures. Some other additional factors are included in the models such as firm age and liquidity to provide a closer look at the determinants of the firm performance. Although there have been many studies examining the factors influencing the firm performance, these studies were analysing this problem in general. Thus, our research is focused on the private small and medium-sized enterprises in the Czech Republic in years 2010 - 2016. Empirical methods using the panel data were applied to test the hypotheses. The results show that there is a significant and a positive relationship between the firm size and its performance. This relationship does not change with the different measures of the firm performance nor the different measures of the firm size.
Accounting-based credit scoring models - The Altman Z-score
Dibon, Michael ; Čornanič, Aleš (advisor) ; Kukačka, Jiří (referee)
This Bachelor thesis is focused on accounting-based credit scoring models, predominantly on Altman (1968) Z-score. We examine the relevance of the Z-score model on European publicly traded companies over the period 2012 - 2017. Moreover, we analyze whether it is important to calibrate original models as well as we test the performance of models given different misclassification costs. Our results suggest that Altman original Z-score model is still, after 50 years of existence, relevant in the European after-crisis environment. Further, we found evidence that re-estimation of the model is unnecessary and could even cause harm to model performance. Finally, the performance of models seems to be stable given not equal misclassification costs, as the more accurate models from ROC analysis reported better results in an economic test. Keywords Z-score, accounting-based models, credit score, Altman, financial ratios, bankruptcy, ROC, Europe
Game Theory Approach to Hostile Takeovers
Tuček, Lukáš ; Červinka, Michal (advisor) ; Čornanič, Aleš (referee)
This bachelor thesis investigates the field of hostile takeovers predominantly from the perspective of the management of the target company. Particular emphasis is placed on review of the defense strategies against hostile takeovers and ways in which they might be abused by the management. This thesis attempts to formulate a game-theoretic model describing the process of a hostile takeover as an extensive-form game with perfect in- formation. Payoff functions for the game further in the thesis computed as Nash equilibria of bargaining problem with the current state of the game as a base for the utility gains. We then briefly discuss the implied relationship among the raider, management and the shareholders. JEL Classification C7; C72; G34 Keywords hostile takeover; game in extensive form; defense strategy
Seasonal Effects on Stock Markets in Europe
Rosol, Jaroslav ; Kukačka, Jiří (advisor) ; Čornanič, Aleš (referee)
This thesis researches the problem of stock market efficiency and market anomalies. Specifically, we look on European stock markets and possible presence of four seasonal effects - January, Halloween, Turn-of-the-month and Monday effects. These seasonal anomalies imply that returns for specific period are unusually higher or lower than returns for the rest of the time, which presents a challenge for the Efficient Market Hypothesis. The empirical side of this problem is the possible opportunity for excessive profit from trading on stock markets that could be based on the seasonal anomalies. Firstly, we summarize previous research in the field and attempts of explanation of individual effects. Further, we present the tools needed for our analysis - Ordinary Least Squares regression with dummy variables and few extensions. Data used for the analysis consists of 32 European stock indices. The actual analysis is performed as a comparison of returns on stock for certain specified periods. The evidence on January and Monday effects is found not strong enough to confirm the presence of such anomalies. On the other side, there is enough significant evidence on the presence of Halloween and Turn-of-the-month effects. Moreover, we are unable to explain the Halloween effect as manifestation of January effect. Powered...
Drivers of Knowledge Base Adoption, Analysis of Czech Corporate Environment
Rakovská, Zuzana ; Korbel, Václav (advisor) ; Čornanič, Aleš (referee)
This thesis analyses the process of knowledge-base adoption in the enterprise environment. Using data from two knowledge-management systems operated by the company, Semanta, s.r.o. we studied the day-to-day interactions of employees using the system and identified the important drivers of system adoption. We began by studying the effect of co-workers' collaborative activities on knowledge creation within the system. It was found that they had a positive and significant impact upon overall knowledge creation and thus on adoption. Secondly, we explored how the newly defined concept of gamification could help determine and encourage an increase in knowledge creation. The use of gamification tools, such as the "Hall of Fame" page, turned out to have significant influence in the adoption process. Thirdly, we examined how users continually seek knowledge within the system and how asking for missing information and being supplied with answers has an impact on adoption rates. It was shown that the quicker the responses and the more experts dealing with requests the greater the impact on knowledge base adoption. Finally, we showed that the size and character of the company deploying the knowledge management system does not influence the adoption drivers. This thesis represents an effort to fill the...
Creditors payout from debtors operating income - Economic analysis
Zdeněk, Jakub ; Gutiérrez Chvalkovská, Jana (advisor) ; Čornanič, Aleš (referee)
Insolvency act in force - Act 182/2006 Coll., represents disruptive chance in bankruptcy approach on corporation level. The most revolutionary change is possibility of company reorganization with no doubts. This thesis deals with economic rationality behind bankruptcy, mainly with economic rationality behind reorganization. The thesis is economic analysis of input for decision-making process whether debtor if proper candidate for restructuring and process of creditors payout from debtors operating income during reorganization. The thesis contains original qualitative research of sample of allowed reorganization aimed on comparison of theoretical finding with reality. There is a theoretical model of bankrupted company where all theoretical findings are demonstrated in a last part of this thesis JEL Classification G33, G34, L25, L61 Keywords Bankruptcy, Restructuring, Company Crisis, Firm Performance, Creditor payout Author's e-mail zdejak@seznam.cz Supervisor's e-mail jana.chvalkovska@gmail.com

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