National Repository of Grey Literature 2 records found  Search took 0.00 seconds. 
The effect of maternal diabetes on embryonic cardiovascular development and fetal programing
Čerychová, Radka ; Pavlínková, Gabriela (advisor) ; Nováková, Olga (referee) ; Neckář, Jan (referee)
Maternal diabetes mellitus negatively affects embryonic development and increases the risk for congenital malformations. Besides direct teratogenicity, diabetic intrauterine milieu can predispose an individual to chronic diseases later in life, including cardiovascular diseases, obesity, and diabetes mellitus, in a process termed fetal programing. Molecular mechanisms of embryonic and fetal responses to maternal diabetes are still not fully elucidated. Using mouse model, we show that maternal diabetes induces gene expression changes in the hearts of developing embryos. The most significant changes in the expression of 11 selected genes were detected at the developmental stage associated with completion of cardiac septation, myocardial mass expansion, and increased insulin production in the embryonic pancreas. These affected genes encode products involved in the epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition, a crucial process in heart development. Using immunohistochemistry, we detected increased hypoxia in the diabetes-exposed hearts at the critical stage of cardiac development. Correspondingly to increased hypoxia, the expression of hypoxia-inducible factor 1α (HIF1α) and vascular endothelial growth factor A was increased in the heart of diabetes-exposed embryos. Based on our results indicating the...
Molecular mechanisms in diabetic embryopathy
Čerychová, Radka ; Pavlínková, Gabriela (advisor) ; Kolář, František (referee)
Diabetic embryopathy is one of many serious complications associated with diabetes. It is known that maternal diabetes increases the frequency of congenital defects up to ten times. The most common defects are cardiovascular and neural tube defects. Molecular mechanisms of diabetic embryopathy are still not known. This work contributes to elucidation of molecular processes leading to development of cardiovascular defects in diabetic embryopathy. This study is based on observation that maternal diabetes affects transcriptional regulation of hypoxia-inducible factor 1 (HIF-1) in developing embryo. To study the influence of maternal diabetes on HIF-1 signaling pathway, we used mouse model heterozygous for "knock-out" of Hif1α gene. Our analyses showed the negative combinational effects of maternal diabetes and Hif1α+/- genotype on embryonic development and increased risk of diabetic embryopathy. Histological analysis demonstrated the increased incidence of cardiovascular defects, particularly defects of interventricular septum and hypoplastic compact left ventricular wall in embryonic day (E) 14.5 Hif1α+/- embryos compared to wt littermates from the diabetic pregnancy. Using qPCR, we analyzed gene expression changes in the embryonic hearts at E9.5 and E10.5. We selected genes important for the...

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