National Repository of Grey Literature 38 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Beneficial Effects of 11β-HSD1 Inhibition on Cognitive Performance in a Mouse Model of Alzheimer's Disease
Červinková, Tereza ; Červený, Lukáš (advisor) ; Musílek, Kamil (referee)
Charles University Faculty of Pharmacy in Hradec Králové Department of Pharmacology & Toxicology Candidate: Tereza Červinková Supervisor: PharmDr. Lukáš Červený, Ph.D. Title: Beneficial Effects of 11β-HSD1 Inhibition on Cognitive Performance in a Mouse Model of Alzheimer's Disease The increased life expectancy goes hand in hand with ageing-related cognitive impairments. Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common type of dementia being an irreversible and progressive brain disorder with loss of cognitive functions. Recent studies suggest that excess of glucocorticoid (GC) action exerts deleterious effects on the hippocampus and causes impaired spatialmemory. In addition, it has been demonstrated that aged mice with cognitive deficits show increased gene expression of 11β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1 (11β-HSD1) in the hippocampus and parietal cortex. The Senescence-Accelerated Mouse Prone 8 (SAMP8) strain is a spontaneous animal model of accelerated ageing. Many studies indicate that SAMP8 harbour the behavioural and histopathological signatures of AD. In the present study, we evaluated the neuroprotective effects of 11β-HSD1 inhibition by a potent pyrrolidine-based compound RL-118 and/or effects of diet on cognitive performance in different groups of SAMP8 by conducting behavioural and...
In vitro transport of abacavir across the monolayer of Caco-2 cells; interaction with etravirine and rilpivirine
Mlčochová, Alice ; Čečková, Martina (advisor) ; Červený, Lukáš (referee)
Charles University in Prague Faculty of Pharmacy in Hradec Králové Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology Student: Alice Mlčochová Supervisor: PharmDr. Martina Čečková, Ph.D. Title of diploma thesis: In vitro transport of abacavir across the monolayer of Caco-2 cells; interaction with etravirine and rilpivirine. Abacavir belongs among nucleoside reverse transciptase inhibitors (NRTIs) representing a basic component of combined antiretroviral therapy used in treatment of HIV-positive patients [1]. Etravirine and rilpivirine are newer non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NNRTIs) combined in cART together with NRTI. ATP-dependent transporters, so called ABC transporters, are able to affect pharmacokinetic properties of drugs, thus they are important site of drug-drug interactions affecting absorption, distribution and excretion level. P-glycoprotein (Pgp, ABCB1) and BCRP (ABCG2) belong among the most clinically important ABC transporters able to cause drug-drug interactions. The aim of this thesis was to introduce and optimize the method for evaluation of drug absorption using monolayers of Caco-2human intestine cell lines, whose integrity was verified by evaluating TEER (transepithelial electrical resistance). This model was also used for abacavir transport studies. Significant...
Beneficial Effects of 11β-HSD1 Inhibition on Cognitive Performance in a Mouse Model of Alzheimer's Disease
Červinková, Tereza ; Červený, Lukáš (advisor) ; Musílek, Kamil (referee)
Charles University Faculty of Pharmacy in Hradec Králové Department of Pharmacology & Toxicology Candidate: Tereza Červinková Supervisor: PharmDr. Lukáš Červený, Ph.D. Title: Beneficial Effects of 11β-HSD1 Inhibition on Cognitive Performance in a Mouse Model of Alzheimer's Disease The increased life expectancy goes hand in hand with ageing-related cognitive impairments. Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common type of dementia being an irreversible and progressive brain disorder with loss of cognitive functions. Recent studies suggest that excess of glucocorticoid (GC) action exerts deleterious effects on the hippocampus and causes impaired spatialmemory. In addition, it has been demonstrated that aged mice with cognitive deficits show increased gene expression of 11β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1 (11β-HSD1) in the hippocampus and parietal cortex. The Senescence-Accelerated Mouse Prone 8 (SAMP8) strain is a spontaneous animal model of accelerated ageing. Many studies indicate that SAMP8 harbour the behavioural and histopathological signatures of AD. In the present study, we evaluated the neuroprotective effects of 11β-HSD1 inhibition by a potent pyrrolidine-based compound RL-118 and/or effects of diet on cognitive performance in different groups of SAMP8 by conducting behavioural and...
Study of interactions of antiviral drug tenofovir and its prodrug tenofovir disoproxil fumarate with placental nucleoside transporters
Lalinská, Anežka ; Červený, Lukáš (advisor) ; Hofman, Jakub (referee)
Charles University Faculty of Pharmacy in Hradec Králové Department of Pharmacology & Toxicology Student: Anežka Lalinská Supervisor: PharmDr. Lukáš Červený, Ph.D. Title of diploma thesis: Study of interactions of antiretroviral drug tenofovir and its prodrug tenofovir disoproxil fumarate with placental nucleoside transporters Tenofovir (TFV) in the form of ester prodrug tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF) is an essential part of combination antiretroviral therapy. It is often used in the prevention of perinatal HIV transmission. However, precise mechanism(s) involved in transfer of TFV/TDF from mother to fetus are not described in detail. Since these drugs are nucleoside analogues, there is a possibility that the mechanisms of their transplacental passage might include nucleoside transporters (NTs), either equilibrative or concentrative (ENTs/CNTs). The aim of the diploma thesis was to investigate the role of placental NTs in membrane transfer of TFV and TDF. To address this issue, we performed in vitro accumulation in the BeWo cell line derived from placental choriocarcinoma. By evaluating experiments, we found out that both TFV and TDF might not be substrates of NTs, thus the role of these transporters in TFV/TDF placental pharmacokinetics was not confirmed. Therefore, the drug-drug interactions on NTs...
Study of ABC drug efflux transporter inhibition by selected tyrosine kinase inhibitors using accumulation methods with cytostatic substrates
Suchá, Simona ; Hofman, Jakub (advisor) ; Červený, Lukáš (referee)
Charles University Faculty of Pharmacy in Hradec Králové Department of Pharmacology & Toxicology Student: Simona Suchá Supervisor: RNDr. Jakub Hofman, Ph.D. Title of diploma thesis: Study of ABC drug efflux transporter inhibition by selected tyrosine kinase inhibitors using accumulation methods with cytostatic substrates ATP-binding cassette (ABC) drug efflux transporters are transmembrane proteins that utilize the energy from ATP hydrolysis to drive transport of endogenous and exogenous compounds out of the cell. The overexpression of ABC transporters plays a crucial role in the development of multidrug resistance (MDR), a phenomenon responsible for the failure of chemotherapy. Tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKI) represent novel beneficial therapeutic approach in cancer treatment. TKI block tyrosine kinases which regulate important cellular processes. Deregulation of these enzymes can lead to various types of cancers. In the present work, we investigated interaction potential of selected TKI (alectinib, brivanib, osimertinib, selumetinib) in MDCKII parent cell line and those transduced with human efflux transporters ABCB1, ABCC1 and ABCG2. Using the accumulation studies, we determined the amount of accumulated model substrates (daunorubicin, mitoxantrone) and evaluated the inhibitory effect of...
Study of interactions of antiviral drugs with intestinal drug efflux ABC transporters
Huličiak, Martin ; Červený, Lukáš (advisor) ; Vokřál, Ivan (referee)
Charles University Faculty of Pharmacy in Hradec Králové Department of Pharmacology & Toxicology Student: Martin Huličiak Supervisor: PharmDr. Lukáš Červený, Ph.D Title of diploma thesis: Study of interactions of antiviral drugs with intestinal drug efflux ABC transporters P-gp, MRP2 and BCRP are efflux transporters, members of the family of ATP binding cassette (ABC) transporters. These transporters are located on the apical membrane of the intestinal epithelium, where they may limit absorption of orally administered drugs. Study of drug interactions with/on intestinal efflux transporters is necessary to provide safe and effective treatment. The Caco-2 cell line is FDA recommended in vitro model of intestinal barrier and it is used for bidirectional testing of substrates and inhibitors of ABC transporters in preclinical research. However, this methodology has several shortcomings, so the need of introduction of new experimental models is increasing and the ex vivo method based on human or rat intestine is a promising option. Precision-cut intestinal slices (PCIS) represent a mini-model of the organ and contain all types of cells of the tissue. We used both in vitro model using Caco-2 cell monolayers for drug transport study and in our lab established ex vivo method of PCIS for accumulation study...
Study of interactions of antiviral drug tenofovir and its prodrug tenofovir disoproxil fumarate with placental nucleoside transporters
Lalinská, Anežka ; Červený, Lukáš (advisor) ; Hofman, Jakub (referee)
Charles University Faculty of Pharmacy in Hradec Králové Department of Pharmacology & Toxicology Student: Anežka Lalinská Supervisor: PharmDr. Lukáš Červený, Ph.D. Title of diploma thesis: Study of interactions of antiretroviral drug tenofovir and its prodrug tenofovir disoproxil fumarate with placental nucleoside transporters Tenofovir (TFV) in the form of ester prodrug tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF) is an essential part of combination antiretroviral therapy. It is often used in the prevention of perinatal HIV transmission. However, precise mechanism(s) involved in transfer of TFV/TDF from mother to fetus are not described in detail. Since these drugs are nucleoside analogues, there is a possibility that the mechanisms of their transplacental passage might include nucleoside transporters (NTs), either equilibrative or concentrative (ENTs/CNTs). The aim of the diploma thesis was to investigate the role of placental NTs in membrane transfer of TFV and TDF. To address this issue, we performed in vitro accumulation in the BeWo cell line derived from placental choriocarcinoma. By evaluating experiments, we found out that both TFV and TDF might not be substrates of NTs, thus the role of these transporters in TFV/TDF placental pharmacokinetics was not confirmed. Therefore, the drug-drug interactions on NTs...
Introduction of cellular NFkappa-B model
Čečrle, Michal ; Pávek, Petr (advisor) ; Červený, Lukáš (referee)
Charles University in Prague Faculty of Pharmacy in Hradec Králové Department of Pharmacology & Toxicology Student: Michal Čečrle Supervisor: Prof. PharmDr. Petr Pávek, Ph.D. Title of diploma thesis: Introduction of cellular NF-κB model NF-κB is the most important transcription factor involved in cell signaling of inflammatory processes. It participates in the inflammatory reaction in the distinct compartments of the living organism. As a transcription factor, it controls the gene expression of many genes, especially cytokines (tumor necrosis factor alfa, interleukins: IL-1β, IL-2, IL-6, IL-12; chemokines etc.). NF-κB is also a key factor in the activation of monocytes and macrophages In this diploma thesis I focused on the role of NF-κB in the monocyte cell line THP-1. This line is an important model of human macrophages in which the THP-1 line can be differentiated. Using available literature, I summarized all the available knowledge on this issue. At the same time, I conducted several experiments on NF-κB activation in the THP- 1 line as a potential model in the research and development of therapeutic intervention in NF-κB signaling to suppress inflammation.
Study of effects of antiretroviral drugs on transmembrane transport of tenofofovir disoproxil fumarate across MDCKII-ABCB1 cell monolayer
Repeľová, Beáta ; Červený, Lukáš (advisor) ; Čečková, Martina (referee)
Charles University Faculty of Pharmacy in Hradec Králové Department of Pharmacology & Toxicology Student: Beáta Repeľová Supervisor: PharmDr. Lukáš Červený, Ph.D. Title of diploma thesis: Study of effects of antiretroviral drugs on transmembrane transport of tenofovir disoproxil fumarate across MDCKII - ABCB1 cell monolayer Tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF) - ester prodrug of tenofovir is considered as one of the most frequently used component of combination antiretroviral therapy. Several ways of application and good patients' tolerability is typical for this compound. TDF is a substrate of dug transporter such as P-glycoprotein (P-gp) therefore its efflux activity may limit the bioavailability after oral administration and distribution of TDF. As many of antiretroviral drugs are also substrates or inhibitors of P-gp, drug - drug interactions with TDF at the level of transmembrane transport could be expected. The aim of the diploma thesis was to describe effects of co-administered antiretroviral drugs on transfer of TDF across MDCKII cell monolayer by using bidirectional transport and concentration equilibrium setups. The results of experiments confirmed that TDF is a substrate of P-gp. High values of efflux ratio describing transmembrane transport of TDF across parental cells have been observed. This...
Study of inhibition activity of new antitumor drugs against chosen isoforms of cytochromes P450
Kroulíková, Pavla ; Červený, Lukáš (referee)
Charles University Faculty of Pharmacy in Hradec Králové Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology Student: Mgr. Pavla Kroulíková Supervisor: RNDr. Jakub Hofman, Ph.D. Title of Thesis: Study of inhibitory activity of new anticancer drugs toward selected isoforms of cytochromes P450 Cytochromes P450 are important biotransformation enzymes that affect pharmacokinetic behavior of many clinically used drugs and are the cause of many major drug interactions. They may have a role in overcoming multidrug resistance of cancer cells because many cytostatic drugs are deactivated by them. Aim of this thesis was in vitro study of inhibition of selected isoforms (CYP3A4, CYP3A5, CYP1A2, CYP2C8, CYP2D6, CYP2C9, CYP2C19 and CYP2B6) by substances from the group of tyrosine kinase inhibitors - alectinib, brivanib, osimertinib and selumetinib. We used commercially available Vividâ CYP Screening kits for the study. In these kits, human cytochromes P450 are recombinantly inserted into insect microsomes. The advantage of this method is that during the experiment no other reaction catalyzed by a different enzyme occurs simultaneously. The principle of this method is conversion of fluorogenic substrate into fluorescent product by CYP450. We determined the inhibition by measuring fluorescence in the 15th minute from start...

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