National Repository of Grey Literature 55 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Inhibitors of human enzyme akr1C3 of plant origin
Lojdová, Kateřina ; Novotná, Eva (advisor) ; Čečková, Martina (referee)
Charles University Faculty of Pharmacy in Hradec Králové Department of Biochemical Sciences Candidate: Mgr. Kateřina Lojdová Supervisor: RNDr. Eva Novotná, Ph.D. Consultant: RNDr. Lucie Zemanová, Ph.D. Title of thesis: Inhibitors of human enzyme AKR1C3 of plant origin Enzyme AKR1C3 is a part of large superfamily of aldo-keto reductases. It is a hydroxysteriod dehydrogenase, in human body it participates among others in steroid hormone metabolism but also in activation and deactivation of some drugs. Increased expression of this enzyme is linked to higher aggressivity of some neoplastic diseases and poor prognosis of the treatment, e.g. prostate cancer. This makes AKR1C3 an interesting target for farmaceutical and medical research. Discovery of strong and selective AKR1C3 inhibitor is the first step in finding a drug, that could affect tumor metabolism and restore its sensitivity to treatment. There were 32 naturally occuring compounds from flavonoid and alkaloid groups tested in this study. Its goal was to determine inhibiton efficacy of selected compounds to enzyme AKR1C3. Reduction of a potential anticancer drug oracin to dihydrooracin was used for the measurement, the results were evaluated using an HPLC analysis. IC50 was determined for compounds with significant inhibitory effect.
In vitro Methods for the Prediction of Blood Brain Barrier Penetration
Zálešáková, Helena ; Vopršalová, Marie (advisor) ; Čečková, Martina (referee)
Charles University, Faculty of Pharmacy in Hradec Králové Department of Pharmacology & Toxicology Student: Helena Zálešáková Supervisor: PharmDr. Marie Vopršálová, CSc. Title of diploma thesis: In vitro Methods for the Prediction of Blood Brain Barrier Penetration This thesis deals with the correlation between two in vitro models simulating the blood- brain barrier (HEB, hematoencephalic barrier) and their comparison in terms of practical use. These are the PAMPA (Parallel Artificial Membrane Permeability Assay) method and the MDCK (Madin-Darby Canine Kidney) cell line, which are models for potential central nervous system (CNS) penetration screening. Within this work, a set of sixteen standard drugs were measured. The procedure was similar in both methods in order to obtain information on the amount of test substances passing through the membrane from the donor portion of the plate to the acceptor. The concentration in the donor portion was measured by UV-VIS spectrophotometry. The main difference between these methods is the membrane through which the substances penetrate. In the case of PAMPA, a lipid solution that has been isolated from pig brain (PBL, polar brain lipid) is used. This lipid simulates the phospholipid membrane of the brain capillary endothelium. In the MDCK model, the membrane...
Role of selected ABC and SLC transporters in transmembrane permeability of maraviroc: effect on transport in placenta
Matiašková, Zuzana ; Čečková, Martina (advisor) ; Vopršalová, Marie (referee)
Charles University Faculty of Pharmacy in Hradec Králové Department of Pharmacology and toxikology Student: Zuzana Matiašková Supervisor: doc. PharmDr. Martina Čečková, Ph.D. Title of diploma thesis: Role of selected ABC and SLC transporters in transmembrane permeability of maraviroc: effect on transport in placenta Antiretroviral drug maraviroc is an inhibitor of CCR5-trophic HIV virus and belongs to the group of entry inhibitors. Nowadays, maraviroc is administered as part of combination antiretroviral therapy (cART) primarily in adults, children over the age of two and pregnant women to reduce the risk of transmission of HIV to the fetus. The knowledge of interactions of maraviroc with drug transporters in placenta is crucial for optimizing the therapy during pregnancy, both in terms of efficacy and potential adverse effects. Maraviroc is known substrate of ABCB1 transporter, which plays a protective role to the fetus by its efflux activity in the apical membrane of trophoblast. However, the results of recent study employing dually perfused human placenta suggest involvement of other transport mechanisms in the maraviroc transplacental pharmaocokinetics, especially those operating in the opposite direction to ABCB1. The aim of this study was to evaluate in vitro studies whether, besides ABCB1,...
Expression of selected membrane transporters in placentas of pregnant women diagnosed for preterm rupture of membranes
Michalská, Martina ; Čečková, Martina (advisor) ; Jirkovský, Eduard (referee)
Charles University Faculty of Pharmacy in Hradec Králové Department of Pharmacology & Toxicology Student: Martina Michalská Supervisor: doc. PharmDr. Martina Čečková, Ph.D. Title of diploma thesis: Expression of selected membrane transporters in placentas of pregnant women diagnosed for preterm rupture of membranes Placenta is a key organ for pregnancy maintenance. One of its main functions is transport of compounds between mother and her fetus. The transplacental penetration is ensured due to membrane transporters that are present in the apical or basal side of trophoblast. Their expression level is affected by many physiological and pathological factors, among others it can be influenced by infection and inflamatory reaction. Inflammation is also one of the risk factors of preterm deliveries and it can be therefore assumed that these pathological states are accompanied by changes in expression of placental transporters. This study was performed using 51 placentas obtained from Faculty hospital in Hradec Králové from women who underwent preterm delivery and on 15 placentas delivered in term. The study employed quantitative RT-PCR approach. The mRNA expression of membrane transporters ABCB1, ABCG2, OATP1A2, OATP1B3, OATP2A1, OATP2B1, OATP3A1, OATP4A1 was assessed and the results were compared to...
Study of the effect of novel antiretroviral drugs on carnitine transport in the placenta
Marková, Eliška ; Čečková, Martina (advisor) ; Červený, Lukáš (referee)
Charles University Faculty of Pharmacy in Hradec Králové Department of Pharmacology & Toxicology Student: Eliška Marková Suprevisor: doc. PharmDr. Martina Čečková, Ph.D. Title of diploma thesis: Study of the effect of novel antiretroviral drugs on carnitine transport in the placenta Nowadays, the antiretroviral treatment of HIV-positive pregnant women is the standard approach for restriction of transmission of HIV infection from mother to the fetus. In spite of necessity of this pharmacotherapy, it is important to know its safety and risks. For the correct fetal development and function of placenta it is (besides others) essential to ensure the optimal supply of L-carnitine, the key factor for oxidation of fatty acids from mother's blood to the placenta and fetal blood circulation. The deficiency of L-carnitine generally leads to significant metabolic changes in the cells and in it usually demonstrated with cardiomyopathies and myopaties. Published studies indicate higher incidence of cardiovascular diseases and cardiomyopathies in children born to mothers treated with antiretroviral therapy during pregnancy. Optimal transport of carnitine into the placental cells, is ensured due to the presence of functional transport protein OCTN2 in the apical membrane of trophoblast. The aim of this study was...
Interaction of selected anti-HCV drugs with placental OCTN2 transport protein
Machalová, Vanda ; Čečková, Martina (advisor) ; Hyršová, Lucie (referee)
Charles University Faculty of Pharmacy in Hradec Králové Department of Pharmacology & Toxicology Student: Mgr. Vanda Machalová Supervisor: doc. PharmDr. Martina Čečková, Ph.D. Title of rigorous thesis: Interaction of selected anti-HCV drugs with placental OCTN2 transport protein. The aim of this rigorous work was to test the interaction of paritaprevir and daclatasvir with the placental OCTN2 transporter, which ensures the transport of L-carnitine as a cofactor of the fatty acid oxidation process to obtain sufficient energy for correct intra-arterial fusion growth. No drugs in this group have been approved for the treatment of chronic hepatitis C in pregnancy, therefore examining their effect on the transport of L-carnitine via OCTN2 can create certain image concerning to the fetal and maternal safety. In the first part of my thesis the transport and accumulation of radioactively labeled L- carnitine via monolayers of BeWo b30 cells in the presence of paritaprevir and daclatasvir was assayed and the concentration of radiolabeled L-carnitine inside the cell layer. In the second part of my thesis we focused on the evaluation of the presence of paritaprevir and daclatasvir on its gene expression of the OCTN1 and OCTN2 carnitine transporters (or their coding genes SLC22A4 and SLC22A5) by qRT-PCR. The...
Oxidative stress biomarkers of the erythrocyte in the newborn - a follow-up study
Zubatá, Karolína ; Čečková, Martina (advisor) ; Hronek, Miloslav (referee)
Charles University University of Porto Faculty of Pharmacy in Hradec Králové Faculty of Pharmacy Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology Department of Biological Sciences Student: Karolína Zubatá Supervisor: doc. PharmDr. Martina Čečková, Ph.D. Consultants: Susana Rocha, Ph.D., prof. Alice Santos-Silva, Ph.D. Title of diploma thesis: Oxidative stress biomarkers of the erythrocyte in the newborn - a follow-up study Increased levels of oxidative stress (OS) have been described in healthy, full-term newborns as a consequence of the drastic changes introduced by birth and by the exposure to extrauterine environment. Our intention was to examine the OS levels in red blood cells (RBCs) of neonates and to further understand the changes that the newborn organism undergoes with its newly- acquired autonomy as this knowledge is limited and there are no reference values. Umbilical cord blood samples were collected from a small population of newborns (n = 8) and several hematological and biochemistry parameters were evaluated. Our experimental data consist of OS biomarkers measurements performed in different fractions of blood (RBC membrane, total RBCs and plasma): membrane bound hemoglobin (MBH), lipid peroxidation (LPO), quantification of catalase (CAT) and glutathione peroxidase (GPx) activities,...
Interactions of selected anticancer drugs of the MAPK/ERK signaling pathway inhibitors group with the ABC drug transporters
Slatinský, Lukáš ; Čečková, Martina (advisor) ; Hofman, Jakub (referee)
Charles University Faculty of Pharmacy in Hradec Králové Department of Pharmacology & Toxicology Student: Lukáš Slatinský Supervisor: Assoc. prof. PharmDr. Martina Čečková, Ph.D. Title of diploma thesis: Interactions of selected anticancer drugs of the MAPK/ERK signaling pathway inhibitors group with the ABC drug transporters ABCB1 (Pgp, P-glycoprotein) and ABCG2 (BCRP, breast cancer resistance protein) are members of a transmembrane efflux ATP dependent transporter family, so called ATP-binding cassettes (ABC). Physiologicaly they are expressed in the cellular membrane and protect body tissues against potentially toxic xenobiotics including drugs. They represent also one of the tumor defense mechanisms when being able to efflux a wide variety of cytotoxic drugs out of the cancer cells leading to treatment failure. BRAF protein plays an important regulatory and signal role in MAPK/ERK pathway affecting cell division, differentiation and secretion. Mutations of BRAF lead to overactivity in MAPK/ERK pathway in many cancer cells and can be therefore targeted by anticancer therapy. Cobimetinib and dabrafenib are relatively new anticancer therapeutics inhibiting the signal pathway mentioned above and they are used in treatment of melanoma carrying the BRAF mutation. The aims of this project were to...
In vitro transport of abacavir across the monolayer of Caco-2 cells; interaction with etravirine and rilpivirine
Mlčochová, Alice ; Čečková, Martina (advisor) ; Červený, Lukáš (referee)
Charles University in Prague Faculty of Pharmacy in Hradec Králové Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology Student: Alice Mlčochová Supervisor: PharmDr. Martina Čečková, Ph.D. Title of diploma thesis: In vitro transport of abacavir across the monolayer of Caco-2 cells; interaction with etravirine and rilpivirine. Abacavir belongs among nucleoside reverse transciptase inhibitors (NRTIs) representing a basic component of combined antiretroviral therapy used in treatment of HIV-positive patients [1]. Etravirine and rilpivirine are newer non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NNRTIs) combined in cART together with NRTI. ATP-dependent transporters, so called ABC transporters, are able to affect pharmacokinetic properties of drugs, thus they are important site of drug-drug interactions affecting absorption, distribution and excretion level. P-glycoprotein (Pgp, ABCB1) and BCRP (ABCG2) belong among the most clinically important ABC transporters able to cause drug-drug interactions. The aim of this thesis was to introduce and optimize the method for evaluation of drug absorption using monolayers of Caco-2human intestine cell lines, whose integrity was verified by evaluating TEER (transepithelial electrical resistance). This model was also used for abacavir transport studies. Significant...
Oxidative stress biomarkers of the erythrocyte in the newborn - a follow-up study
Zubatá, Karolína ; Čečková, Martina (advisor) ; Hronek, Miloslav (referee)
Charles University University of Porto Faculty of Pharmacy in Hradec Králové Faculty of Pharmacy Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology Department of Biological Sciences Student: Karolína Zubatá Supervisor: doc. PharmDr. Martina Čečková, Ph.D. Consultants: Susana Rocha, Ph.D., prof. Alice Santos-Silva, Ph.D. Title of diploma thesis: Oxidative stress biomarkers of the erythrocyte in the newborn - a follow-up study Increased levels of oxidative stress (OS) have been described in healthy, full-term newborns as a consequence of the drastic changes introduced by birth and by the exposure to extrauterine environment. Our intention was to examine the OS levels in red blood cells (RBCs) of neonates and to further understand the changes that the newborn organism undergoes with its newly- acquired autonomy as this knowledge is limited and there are no reference values. Umbilical cord blood samples were collected from a small population of newborns (n = 8) and several hematological and biochemistry parameters were evaluated. Our experimental data consist of OS biomarkers measurements performed in different fractions of blood (RBC membrane, total RBCs and plasma): membrane bound hemoglobin (MBH), lipid peroxidation (LPO), quantification of catalase (CAT) and glutathione peroxidase (GPx) activities,...

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1 ČEČKOVÁ, Monika
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