Příspěvky z konference

Příspěvky z konference Nalezeno 22,207 záznamů.  předchozí11 - 20dalšíkonec  přejít na záznam: Hledání trvalo 0.00 vteřin. 
Graphite Electrode Modified by Poly(Methylene Blue) and its Electrocatalytic Activity towards Hydrogen Sulfide Oxidation
Zlámalová, Magda ; Janda, Pavel ; Nesměrák, K.
This research is focused on the electrochemical synthesis and characterization of\npoly(methylene blue) (pMB). Two different carbon-based electrode substrates, basal plane\nhighly oriented pyrolytic graphite (HOPG) and pencil graphite electrode (PGE), have been\nmodified by conductive film of pMB. Electrochemical properties and nanomorphological\nchanges have been investigated by cyclic voltammetry and atomic force microscopy.\nImproved electroactivity of the modified electrodes (PGE/pMB and HOPG/pMB) towards\nsulfhydryl group has been observed and examined modified electrodes were researched for\ntheir possible application in electrochemical sensor for hydrogen sulfide in aqueous solutions.
Electrochemical biosensors with flow-through enzymatic reactors
Josypčuk, Oksana ; Josypčuk, Bohdan
Twelve enzymatic biosensors with various silica powder reactors were fabricated and tested.\nExperiments with six silica materials showed that mesoporous silica SBA-15 was the best one\nin terms of covering by enzymes, sensitivity and lifetime of biosensors. The current response\nof the SBA15-glucose oxidase (GOx) sensor started to decrease only after 200-day testing.\nThe used amalgam tubular detector in a flow system allowed working at highly negative\npotentials. Statistical results of parallel measurements of model solutions with the fabricated\nbiosensors show their high accuracy and sensitivity. The proposed SBA15-GOx biosensor\nwas used for determination of glucose in commercial honey.
Charge Transport through Molecular Towers Based on Tetraphenylmethane Tripods
Kolivoška, Viliam ; Šebera, Jakub ; Lindner, M. ; Valášek, M. ; Mayor, M. ; Mészáros, G. ; Gasior, Jindřich ; Hromadová, Magdaléna
Molecular platforms with multiple anchors were introduced recently to provide robust\ncoupling between molecular electronic components and metallic electrodes. In this work,\ncharge transport in tower-shaped single molecule conductors based on tetraphenylmethane\ntripod possessing three thiol anchors is investigated by scanning tunneling microscopy break\njunction technique. The effect of tripod substitution pattern and number of repeating units in\nmolecule is addressed. The substitution was found to influence conductance value in early\nstages of molecular junction evolution, where tower lays parallel to surface. In late stages, the\ncharge is transported through principal molecular axis and junction breaks thermally in tilted\nconfiguration.
Supported Phospholipid Bilayer at the Conductive Interface
Sokolová, Romana ; Kocábová, Jana ; Kolivoška, Viliam ; Gál, M.
The interactions of ethanol and flavonoid compounds with supported phospholipid bilayer\nwere studied by means of electrochemical methods and scanning probe techniques. The\nstability of a 1,2-dipalmitoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (DPPC) phospholipid bilayer\nsupported on different types of conductive substrate was investigated. The relationship\nbetween the method of lipid deposition and the formation of several types of lipid structures\nincluding vesicles, hemimicelles, patches and single bilayers on the interface is discussed.
Single Molecule Conductance and Junction Formation in Solution. Solvent Effect
Lachmanová, Štěpánka ; Šebera, Jakub ; Gasior, Jindřich ; Dupeyre, G. ; Lainé, P. P. ; Mészáros, G. ; Hromadová, Magdaléna
The single molecule conductance of expanded pyridinium derivative terminated by pyridyl\nnitrogen as an anchoring group at both ends of the molecule in two different environments\nwas measured by scanning tunneling microscopy break junction technique (STM-BJ). The\nvalues obtained in commonly used 1,3,5-trimethylbenzene (TMB) significantly differ from\nthe values acquired in a mixture of TMB and ethanol. Markedly lower junction length and\nhigher conductance indicate strong influence of adsorption of the molecule to the substrate\nsurface in pure TMB compared to the TMB and ethanol mixture.
Determination of 5-hydroxyindole-3-acetic acid using Flow Injection Analysis with Electrochemical Detection
Makrlíková, Anna ; Matysik, F.-M. ; Navrátil, Tomáš ; Barek, J. ; Vyskočil, V.
Tumour biomarker, 5-hydroxyindole-3-acetic acid, has been determined at screen-printed carbon electrodes using flow injection analysis with amperometric detection. Britton-Robinson buffer (0.04 mol-l-1 , pH 2.0) was used as an optimum carrier solution.\nDependence of the peak current on the analyte concentration was linear in the whole tested\nconcentration range (from 0.5 to 100 mikromol-l-1) with limits of detection 0.033 mikromol-l-1 \n(calculated from peak heighst) and 0.012 mikromol-l-1 (calculated from peak areas).
Labile Lead Phytochelatin Complexes Could Enhance Transport of Lead Ions across\nBiological Membrane
Šestáková, Ivana ; Navrátil, Tomáš
In connection with studies of hazardous metals transport across model phospholipid\nmembranes, behavior of complexes of lead with phytochelatin PC2 has been examined. Using\nstripping chronopotentiometry with different values of reducing current, the release of free\nlead ions confirms labile behavior. Similar conclusion resulted from voltammetry on silica gel\nmodified carbon paste electrode.
Determination of the Rate of Tetraethylammoniumion Transfer across the\nWater/1,2-DCE Interface with Steady-State Voltammetry at a Nano-ITIES
Silver, Barry Richard ; Holub, Karel ; Mareček, Vladimír
The rate of TEA+ ion transfer across the water/1,2-dichloroethane interface has been\nmeasured using steady-state cyclic voltammetry at a capillary with an orifice of nano-sized\ndimension. It was found that the average rate constant for TEA+ transfer from water to oil and\nfrom oil to water is 0.64 cm/s. The results are repeatable using the same capillary. This value\nis similar to that measured previously using electrochemical impedance spectroscopy and\nfluctuation analysis at the micro-interface.
Stereoelectrochemistry of Calixarenes
Liška, Alan ; Ludvík, Jiří ; Vojtíšek, P.
The relationship between the stereochemical properties (shape or molecular geometry in\ngeneral sense) and electrochemical ones (typically number of separate redox proceses, their\nnature and potentials) is very fundamental, however, not easily answerable. The nitro\nsubstituted calix[4]arenes appeared to be suitable series of compounds enabling correlation of\nelectrochemical data (redox potential, current, reversibility) with actual shape, conformation\nand dynamic behavior of the molecules dissolved in solution due to their well defined\ngeometry and clear polarographic and voltammetric response. Electrochemical methods can\nbe therefore used as a straightforward alternative to e.g. temperature dependent NMR\nspectroscopy. The present contribution is focused on thiacalix[4]arenes, their similarities and\ndistinctions from their methylene bridged analogues.\n
Redox Properties of Quasi Dimer of 1,3-diphenylisobenzofuran for Singlet Fission
Šimková, Ludmila ; Ludvík, Jiří
Molecules on the base of 1,3-diphenylisobenzofuran attract an interest because of their\npossible efficiency for singlet fission This study is focused on electrochemical behaviour of\nthe "quasi dimer" of 1,3-diphenylisobenzofuran. For characterization of reduction mechanism\nin situ UV-vis and EPR spectroscopy were used. The monomer 1,3-diphenylisobenzofuran\nand its CH2 dimer were added to this study for comparison. The redox properties of both\ncompared molecules are similar. The location and the nature of the covalent bridging unit in\nCH2dimer have small effect onthe redox potentials. But the pi-conjugation in the molecule of\nquasi dimer causes approximately 0.2 V easier oxidization and reduction.

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