Příspěvky z konference

Nejnovější přírůstky:
2019-11-25
10:16

Úplný záznam
2019-11-25
10:16

Úplný záznam
2019-11-25
10:16

Úplný záznam
2019-11-25
10:16
Směsné oxidy Co-Mn-Al promotované K pro přímý rozklad NO: příprava a vlastnosti.
Jirátová, Květa ; Pacultová, K. ; Balabánová, Jana ; Karásková, K. ; Klegová, A. ; Bílková, T. ; Jandová, Věra ; Koštejn, Martin ; Martaus, A. ; Kotarba, A. ; Obalová, L.
Katalyzátory zkoumané vtéto práci byly připraveny koprecipitací dusičnanůkovů vodným roztokem K2CO3/KOH, následované promytím sraženin do různého stupně obsahu draslíku a kalcinací prekurzorů při teplotě 500 °C po dobu 4 h. Vlastnosti připravených katalyzátorů byly porovnány svlastnostmi katalyzátoru připraveného dodatečným promotováním dokonale promyté sraženiny hydrotalcitu Co-Mn-Al draselnou solí následované kalcinací při 500 °C. Před katalytickou reakcí byly kalcinovány na 700°C. Katalyzátory a jejich prekurzory byly charakterizovány následujícími měřicím itechnikami: ICP, DTG, XRD, fyzisorpce N2, FTIR, H2-TPR, CO2-TPD, XPS, a termální desorpcí alkalických kovů (SR-TAD).
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Úplný záznam
2019-11-25
10:16
Transparent boron-doped diamond electrode (t-BDDE) for spectroelectrochemistry
Lušpai, K. ; Keszeliová, D. ; Barlog, M. ; Petrák, Václav
In this work we have studied the properties of high quality boron-doped diamond layers prepared on transparent substrate and their use as working electrode for EPR/UV-VIS-NIR spectroelectrochemistry. Final goal of this work is to benefit from the wide potential window of boron-doped diamond electrodes even in the field of the EPR/UV-VIS-NIR spectroelectrochemistry. The studied electrodes are compatiable with UV-VIS-NIR measurements. Spectral background is stable within the whole electrochemical window. Some of the electrodes, with lower doping level, are also compatible with EPR spectroscopy. In this work, the electrodes and their properties are presented and usability is demonstrate by the spectrochemistry on real sample.

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2019-11-25
10:16
Boron-doped diamond electrodes in electroanalysis of reducible organic compounds
Vosáhlová, J. ; Zavázalová, J. ; Petrák, Václav ; Schwarzová-Pecková, K.
Boron doped diamond (BDD) electrodes became a well-established tool in electroanalysis of oxidizable organic compounds; nevertheless their possibilities in electroanalysis of reducible compounds remain relatively unexploited. Thus, in this study the influence of the presence of oxygen, electrode pretreatment, and activation between individual scans for electroreduction of tartrazine and allura red (azo group), 5-nitroquinoline (nitro group and N-heterocycle), vanillin (aromatic aldehyde), and azidothymidine (azide group) using batch voltammetry was tested.

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2019-11-25
10:16
Miniaturized boron doped diamond film electrode for neuroblastoma biomarkers determination
Hrdlička, Vojtěch ; Barek, J. ; Navrátil, Tomáš ; Taylor, Andrew
Cathodically pretreated miniaturized boron doped diamond film electrodewas successfully tested for the purposes of in-situ determination of neuroblastoma biomarkers after hollow-fibre based microextraction. Electrode was tested using K-3[Fe(CN)(6)] and vanillyl-mandelic acid as model substances. Limits of detection and determination are 2.2 and 6.6 mu mol L-1, respectively. Linear range was 2.2-100 mu molL(-1), repeatability 1.34% (n = 10).

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2019-11-25
10:16
ANALYTICAL ELECTRON MICROSCOPY OF DILUTED CU-CO ALLOYS
Buršík, Jiří ; Svoboda, Milan
The work is focused on characterization of diluted model Cu-Co alloys with Co content from 2 to 4 wt.% after various thermal treatment. After initial annealing at 1273 K followed by water cooling, further annealing of the oversaturated solid solution in the range 773 to 1073 K generated a fine distribution of Co-rich precipitates. Parameters of microstructure were characterized by means of transmission electron microscopy with energy dispersive X-ray analysis.

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2019-11-25
10:16
The processing of stabilized sewage sludge by high-temperature slow pyrolysis and gasification
Bičáková, Olga ; Čimová, Nikoleta ; Vöröš, Dominik ; Náhunková, Jana ; Řimnáčová, Daniela
One of the most challenging type of waste is sewage sludge, which is a heterogeneous suspension containing organic and inorganic substances and pathogenic organisms. This work focuses on an effective application method for the sewage sludge, which is usually deposited in landfills or co-incinerated in power plants. High temperature pyrolysis and gasification at 700–900 °C were applied to the samples of stabilized sewage sludge. The samples with a constant weight of 100 g were heated in a stationary bed, with the rate of batch heating being monitored. During the heating process, volatile products were released and the composition of the gaseous products developed during the heating was analyzed. Afterwards, the mass balance of the resulting products was evaluated. The elemental and textural analyses of the products were performed. Furthermore, it has been found that the solid residue has a porous texture and properties suitable for the removal and capture of pollutants. \n

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2019-11-25
10:16
Three-dimensionally ordered micromesoporous carbon as adsorbent for CO2 capture
Vorokhta, Maryna ; Řimnáčová, Daniela ; Pilař, Radim
In this work, ordered three-dimensionally micromesoporous carbon composed of large spherical mesopores 13 nm in diameter and small micropores with a mean micropore width of 1.46 nm, connecting the main spheres, was synthesized and investigated for CO2 capture ability at temperatures of 25°C, 35°C and 50°C, and at pressures up to 6.5 MPa. Because of the big pore volume occupying 3.62 cm3/g, composed of mesopores and micropores, the carbon sample showed very high adsorption capacity at high pressures. The highest CO2 adsorption capacity of 24.03 mmol/g was obtained at 25°C and at 5.5 MPa. As the temperature increased, the CO2 adsorption capacity decreased to 13.34 mmol/g at 50°C and at 6.5 MPa. The Freundlich fittings of the measured adsorption isotherms at pressures up to 2 MPa showed very high correlation coefficients. The estimated isosteric heats of adsorption in the range of 5.62-6.90 kJ/mol indicated a physical adsorption process, and suggested a stronger interaction between CO2 molecules than between CO2 molecules and the surface of the carbon sample.

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